historical timeline

of the African Provinces

800 - 899 C.E.
900 - 999 C.E.
700
St. Mark in Alexandria with identifying marble monument.
708
Byzantium's last outpost in Africa falls to the Arabs; conquest of Spain lies ahead; by 711 the Arabs are threatening central Gaul.
c. 713-724
Berlin Papyrus 10677 originates from Egypt, on Arab rule.
714
Use of Coptic language made illegal, Arabic imposed; taxation increased on Dhimmis.
720
Death of Zacharias ©, Bishop of Shkow (Sakha), author of Homilies on Holy Family in Egypt arid on penitence, Lives of John Colobos, and his teachers at Scetis, Abraham and George.
730-742
Theodore, patriarch of Alexandria.
731
Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People echoes many earlier African voices (Origen, Pachomius, Augustine, Cyril) long buried in medieval European texts.
743
John of Damascus (c. 645-c. 749) writes orthodox systematic theology catenae relying upon numerous Egyptian and African sources, The Source of Knowledge; John of Damascus on Islam; On the Divine Images.
743
Church of Saint Shenute of Old Cairo first mentioned where Kha'ill, patriarch of Alexandria (743-767) was elected.
743-767
Micheal, Coptic patriarch, acknowledges conversion of 24,000 Christians to Islam.
745
Cyriacus (or Kyriakos), king of Dongola, marches to Cairo to free the Copt Patriarch Mikhail.
767-776
Menas, patriarch of Alexandria.
787
Second Council of Nicaea confirms veneration of icons.
789-808
Coptic martyrdom narratives abound, some for allegedly "insulting the Prophet"
798
Aengus (Oengus) the anchorite writes On Feasts (Festilogium de Sanqi Aengus), recording saints of Ireland, some having genealogical traces of Egyptian ,names; evidences of links between Egyptian Bawit monastery and Irish Jouarre monastary, Coptic and Irish illuminations of manuscriptahadic Lives of Samuel of Qalamun, Fayyum and Pisentius of Qift, near Thebes, (both lived during Arab conquest), seeking to halt Christian assimilation; show survival of Coptic Christian identity.